| On some paradoxes and absurdities in physics and cosmology

The existing “paradoxes” in physics are in fact a consequence or attempt at an incorrect explanation of the physical reality. The twin paradox and other time paradoxes are related to the theory of relativity. Many paradoxes are related to Goedel’s theorems of incompleteness.

But here are some absurdities that nobody thinks about but which everyone sees …

About the age of the Universe

If someone claims that the age of the Universe is 13, 15 or 17 billion years, it should be asked: “Where in the Universe the used unit of time is defined in this calculation?”. Obviously, the duration of a year on the planet Earth can be equal to one “second” in areas with an extremely strong gravitational field…

Conclusion: Therefore, when we talk about the age of the entire Universe, using the unit of time defined on the surface of a small planet in the Solar System – any such statement does not make sense.

About the unit of length “light year”

The “light year” is a unit of length used in astronomy, defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) as the distance that light travels in vacuum in one Julian year (365.25 days).

The unit “light year” is based on the conception of modern physics that the speed of light in vacuum is а constant for the entire Universe – that it is a constant for every local area in the Universe, regardless of the gravity force. As noted, it was experimentally found that the speed of light (and any electromagnetic radiation) is lower in areas with strong gravity (near the Sun). New experiments have been proposed that can establish the fact that the speed of light in vacuum depends on the intensity of the gravitational field in the areas where the electromagnetic radiation propagates.

However, the dependence of the speed of light on the force of gravity (the dependence on the intensity of the gravitational field), is a natural law that is yet to be defined.

Conclusion: The use of the unit of length “light year” must be discontinued.

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